Calculates a measure for the goodness of fit (e.g., R square, adjusted R square, MSRE, LLF, AIC, etc.).

## Syntax

**PCR_GOF**(

**X**,

**Mask**,

**Y**,

**Intercept**,

**Return_type**)

- X
- is the independent variables data matrix, so each column represents one variable.
- Mask
- is the boolean array to choose the explanatory variables in the model. If missing, all variables in X are included.
- Y
- is the response or the dependent variable data array (a one-dimensional array of cells (e.g., rows or columns)).
- Intercept
- is the constant or the intercept value to fix (e.g., zero). If missing, an intercept will not be fixed and is computed normally.
- Return_type
- is a switch to select a fitness measure (1 = R-square (default), 2 = adjusted R-square, 3 = RMSE, 4 = LLF, 5 = AIC, 6 = BIC/SIC ).
Method Description 1 R-square 2 Adjusted R-square 3 Regression error (RMSE) 4 Log-likelihood (LLF) 5 Akaike information criterion (AIC) 6 Schwartz/Bayesian information criterion (SBIC)

## Remarks

- The underlying model is described here.
- The coefficient of determination, denoted $R^2$, measures how well the model replicates observed outcomes.

$$R^2 = \frac{\mathrm{SSR}} {\mathrm{SST}} = 1 - \frac{\mathrm{SSE}} {\mathrm{SST}}$$ - The adjusted R-square (denoted $\bar R^2$) is an attempt to take account of the phenomenon of the $R^2$ automatically and spuriously increasing when extra explanatory variables are added to the model. The $\bar R^2$ adjusts for the number of explanatory terms in a model relative to the number of data points.

$$\bar R^2 = {1-(1-R^{2}){N-1 \over N-p-1}} = {R^{2}-(1-R^{2}){p \over N-p-1}} = 1 - \frac{\mathrm{SSE}/(N-p-1)}{\mathrm{SST}/(N-1)}$$

Where:- $p$ is the number of explanatory variables in the model.
- $N$ is the number of observations in the sample.

- The regression error is defined as the square root for the mean square error (RMSE):

$$\mathrm{RMSE} = \sqrt{\frac{SSE}{N-p-1}}$$ - The log-likelihood of the regression is given as:

$$\mathrm{LLF}=-\frac{N}{2}\left(1+\ln(2\pi)+\ln\left(\frac{\mathrm{SSR}}{N} \right ) \right )$$

The Akaike and Schwarz/Bayesian information criteria are given as follows:

$$\mathrm{AIC}=-\frac{2\mathrm{LLF}}{N}+\frac{2(p+1)}{N}$$

$$\mathrm{BIC} = \mathrm{SIC}=-\frac{2\mathrm{LLF}}{N}+\frac{(p+1)\times\ln(p+1)}{N}$$ - The sample data may include data points with missing values.
- Each column in the input matrix corresponds to a separate variable.
- Each row in the input matrix corresponds to an observation.
- Observations (i.e., rows) with missing values in X or Y are removed.
- The number of rows of the response variable (Y) must equal the number of rows of the explanatory variable (X).
- The MLR_GOF function is available starting with version 1.60 APACHE.

## Files Examples

## Related Links

## References

- Hamilton, J .D.; Time Series Analysis, Princeton University Press (1994), ISBN 0-691-04289-6
- Kenney, J. F. and Keeping, E. S. (1962) "Linear Regression and Correlation." Ch. 15 in Mathematics of Statistics, Pt. 1, 3rd ed. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, pp. 252-285

## Comments

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