Calculates the out-of-sample conditional mean forecast.

## Syntax

**ARMA_FORE** (**[x]**, order, µ, **σ**, [φ], [θ], t, return, α)

**[X]**- Required. Is the univariate time series data (a one-dimensional array of cells (e.g., rows or columns)).
**Order**- Optional. Is the time order in the data series (i.e., the first data point's corresponding date (earliest date = 1 (default), latest date = 0)).
Value Order 1 Ascending (the first data point corresponds to the earliest date) ( **default**).0 Descending (the first data point corresponds to the latest date). **µ**- Optional. Is the ARMA model long-run mean (i.e., mu). If missing, the process mean is assumed to be zero.
**σ**- Required. Is the standard deviation value of the model's residuals/innovations.
**[φ]**- Optional. Are the parameters of the AR(p) component model: [φ1, φ2 … φp] (starting with the lowest lag).
**[θ]**- Optional. Are the parameters of the MA(q) component model: [θ1, θ2 … θq] (starting with the lowest lag).
**T**- Optional. Is the forecast time/horizon (expressed in steps beyond the end of the time series).
**Return**- Optional. Is an integer switch to select the forecast output type: (1 = mean (default), 2 = Std. Error, 3 = Term Struct, 4 = LL, 5 = UL).
Value Return 1 Mean forecast value ( **default**).2 Forecast standard error (aka local volatility). 3 Volatility term structure. 4 The lower limit of the forecast confidence interval. 5 The upper limit of the forecast confidence interval. **α**- Optional. Is the statistical significance level (i.e., alpha). If missing or omitted, an alpha value of 5% is assumed.

## Remarks

- The underlying model is described here.
- The time series is homogeneous or equally spaced.
- The time series may include missing values (e.g., #N/A) at either end.
- The long-run mean can take any value or be omitted, in which case a zero value is assumed.
- The residuals/innovations standard deviation (σ) must be greater than zero.
- For the input argument – ([φ]):
- The input argument is optional and can be omitted, so no AR component is included.
- The order of the parameters starts with the lowest lag.
- One or more parameters may have missing values or an error code (i.e., #NUM!, #VALUE!, etc.).
- The order of the last value solely determines the order of the AR component model in the array with a numeric value (vs. missing or error).
- For the input argument - ([θ]):
- The input argument is optional and can be omitted, so no MA component is included.
- The order of the parameters starts with the lowest lag.
- One or more values in the input argument can be missing or an error code (i.e., #NUM!, #VALUE!, etc.).
- The order of the last value solely determines the order of the MA component model in the array with a numeric value (vs. missing or error).
- The function was added in version 1.63 SHAMROCK.

## Files Examples

## Related Links

## References

- D. S.G. Pollock; Handbook of Time Series Analysis, Signal Processing, and Dynamics; Academic Press; Har/Cdr edition(Nov 17, 1999), ISBN: 125609906.
- James Douglas Hamilton; Time Series Analysis, Princeton University Press; 1st edition(Jan 11, 1994), ISBN: 691042896.
- Tsay, Ruey S.; Analysis of Financial Time Series, John Wiley & SONS; 2nd edition(Aug 30, 2005), ISBN: 0-471-690740.
- Box, Jenkins and Reinsel; Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control; John Wiley & SONS.; 4th edition(Jun 30, 2008), ISBN: 470272848.
- Walter Enders; Applied Econometric Time Series; Wiley; 4th edition(Nov 03, 2014), ISBN: 1118808568.

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