Returns an array of the standardized residuals for the fitted GARCH model.

## Syntax

**GARCH_RESID** (**[x]**, order, µ, **[α]**, [β], f, ν)

**[X]**- Required. Is the univariate time series data (a one-dimensional array of cells (e.g., rows or columns)).
**Order**- Optional. Is the time order in the data series (i.e., the first data point's corresponding date (earliest date = 1 (default), latest date = 0)).
Value Order 1 Ascending (the first data point corresponds to the earliest date) ( **default**).0 Descending (the first data point corresponds to the latest date). **µ**- Optional. Is the GARCH model long-run mean (i.e., mu). If missing, the process mean is assumed to be zero.
**[α]**- Required. Are the parameters of the ARCH(p) component model: [αo α1, α2 … αp] (starting with the lowest lag).
**[β]**- Optional. Are the parameters of the GARCH(q) component model: [β1, β2 … βq] (starting with the lowest lag).
**F**- Optional. Is the probability distribution function of the innovations/residuals (1 = Gaussian (default), 2 = t-Distribution, 3 = GED).
Value Probability Distribution 1 Gaussian or Normal Distribution ( **default**).2 Student's t-Distribution. 3 Generalized Error Distribution (GED). **ν**- Optional. Is the shape parameter (or degrees of freedom) of the innovations/residuals’ probability distribution function.

## Remarks

- The underlying model is described here.
- The time series is homogeneous or equally spaced.
- The time series may include missing values (e.g., #N/A) at either end.
- The standardized residuals have a mean of zero and a variance of one (1).
- The GARCH model's standardized residuals is defined as:$$\epsilon_t = \frac{a_t}{\sigma_t}$$ $$a_t = x_t - \mu$$
Where:

- $\epsilon$ is the GARCH model's standardized residual at time $t$.
- $a_t$ is the GARCH model's residual at time $t$.
- $x_t$ is the value of the time series at time $t$.
- $\mu$ is the GARCH mean.
- $\sigma_t$ is the GARCH conditional volatility at time $t$.

- For the input argument - ([α]) (parameters of the ARCH component):
- The input argument is not optional.
- The value in the first element must be positive.
- The order of the parameters starts with the lowest lag.
- One or more parameters may have missing values or error codes (i.e., #NUM!, #VALUE!, etc.).
- In the case where alpha has one non-missing entry/element (first), no ARCH component is included.
- The order of the ARCH component model is solely determined by the order (minus one) of the last value in the array with a numeric value (vs. missing or error).

- For the input argument - ([β]) (parameters of the GARCH component):
- The input argument is optional and can be omitted, in which case no GARCH component is included.
- The order of the parameters starts with the lowest lag.
- One or more parameters may have missing values or error codes (i.e., #NUM!, #VALUE!, etc.).
- The order of the GARCH component model is solely determined by the order of the last value in the array with a numeric value (vs. missing or error).

## Files Examples

## Related Links

## References

- James Douglas Hamilton; Time Series Analysis, Princeton University Press; 1st edition(Jan 11, 1994), ISBN: 691042896.
- Tsay, Ruey S.; Analysis of Financial Time Series, John Wiley & SONS; 2nd edition(Aug 30, 2005), ISBN: 0-471-690740.

## Comments

Article is closed for comments.